Laser Applications

Freckle Treatment

Removal of Freckles with Laser: Freckles are the spots formed in the skin caused by the sun. Our skin contains cells that produce color. These cells are called melanocytes. Melanocytes secrete a dye substance called melanin and this substance is stored by cells in the upper layer of the skin. Melanin absorbs sunlight and protects our skin and subcutaneous tissues from the negative effects of the sun. If melanocytes are exposed to excessive sun, they secrete melanin pigment excessively and cause clustered spots known as freckles. In other words, freckling occurs as a result of excessive sun damage to the skin. Freckles mean the accumulation of melanin pigment above normal and is located in the upper layer of the skin called the epidermis.

Sunbathing increases freckling. In addition, freckles are more common in people working outdoors, such as sailors, construction workers, and farmers. Artificial light sources such as solariums also increase the problem of freckling.

Due to the decrease in sun exposure during the winter months, the excessively accumulated melanin pigment in the epidermis decreases or becomes invisible with superficial peeling. However, freckles reappear in the next spring and summer months when the contact with the sun increases.

Do Freckles Turn To Cancer?

Freckles are not cancerous tissue and they do not turn into cancer. However, as with any blemish on the skin, they should be evaluated by a dermatologist.

Removal of Freckles

It can destroy freckles with laser! First of all, dermatology Specialist Dr. It should be evaluated by Şerafettin Saraçoğlu. Existing spots should be evaluated whether they are freckles and whether they have carcinogenic properties. If it is decided that there is a freckle, the freckles can be destroyed by laser treatment.

Since freckles are located in the upper layer of the skin and melanin, which forms freckles, is a substance that absorbs laser light well, they are skin spots with the highest rate of laser removal.

What Types of Lasers Are Used in Freckle Treatment?

Q-switched 532 nm KTP or 694 nm Ruby lasers are the most suitable laser types for freckle treatment. The Q-switched KTP laser, which gives green light, is the most preferred wavelength because it is a type of laser with high melanin selectivity and the least penetration into the subcutaneous tissues, thus not affecting the deep tissues of the skin.

Does Laser Removal of Freckles Hurt?

You will feel very little pain as much as a mosquito bite. For this reason, the treatment area is anesthetized with anesthetic cream before the procedure. During the procedure, the treatment area is cooled by using a cold air flow. There may be a feeling of pins and needles that lasts for about half an hour after the procedure. It is appropriate to apply cold compresses or cold masks to reduce this feeling.

What are the Side Effects of the Treatment?

After laser freckle treatment, swelling and redness occur in the treatment area. The puffiness disappears in a few hours. The redness turns a purplish color and disappears within 7-10 days by peeling. After peeling off, the skin color is usually pink and thin. Therefore it should be protected. The use of moisturizing creams and sunscreen is important in this process. Although pink skin varies from person to person, it fades in 1-3 weeks.

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