What is varicose veins?
The enlargement and swelling of the veins is called varicose veins. Varicose veins, which are generally seen in the lower parts of the legs, which are the areas under the most pressure of the body, require taking precautions not only in terms of aesthetics but also in terms of health.
Those with varicose veins experience cramps at night, itching and swelling in the legs, and pain begins when standing.
Why Does Varicose Occur?
Varicose veins occur when the vein system of the body, especially the legs, does not work well. The veins in the legs run both deeply and superficially. Here, when the veins passing through this surface become visible, blue-purple colored varicose veins are formed.
There are valves in each vein that allow blood to flow only one way, from bottom to top, that is, towards the heart. When you stand up, those valves close and prevent blood from escaping backwards. When these valves do not work well, when the person stands up, the blood returns to the legs and increases the pressure in the veins there. The vein with increased pressure also expands and becomes visible from the outside.
What Happens If Varicose Veins Are Not Treated?
When varicose veins are not treated, they become more visible by constantly progressing. While some varicose veins can get infected and cause wounds, such a situation is not seen in some varicose veins. In addition, if the treatment of varicose is delayed, co-morbidities such as diabetes, blood pressure and heart occur. These diseases also complicate treatment.
What are Varicose Veins Treatment Methods?
Until the last 10 years, the most known method in the treatment of varicose veins was surgical intervention. Surgery was seen as the only solution, especially in very convoluted and large vessels. However, if the disease is caught at the starting point, there are two methods that are much easier. The first of these methods is to deactivate the vein by inserting a laser into the vein and burning it. This method is done on foot and daily.
The process of penetrating the vein with a needle and burning the vein with medicine, which is another and very new method, is called foam. Since the chemical liquid called foam is a caustic drug, it burns the vein when administered into the vein. Since the liquid is mixed with the air before it is given to the vein, it foams like a detergent. This foamed form of the drug is even more effective. This method is also called sclerosing.
The procedure is very short and painless, the possibility of complications is very low and the procedure takes only 10 minutes. Immediately after the procedure, the patient can stand up and continue his daily life.